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Citation Helper - MLA, APA, Chicago, & NoodleTools

This guide includes information about citing your sources, including MLA, APA and Chicago / Turabian citation styles.

In-Text Citations - APA Style

Direct Quotation
     APA Style requires that you list the author, date, and page number when quoting the work of another. You can do this by using a signal phrase to indicate what ideas are yours and what are the ideas of others.
  • According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).
  • Jones (1998) found "students often had difficulty using APA style" (p. 199); what implications does this have for teachers?
  • Some authors have claimed that "students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but few have offered an explanation as to why this is the case.
Block Quotations
For quotations of 40 words or more, you should leave out the quotation marks and begin the quotation on a new line that is indented an additional half inch from the left margin.  This is called a block quotation.

Paraphrasing
If you are referring to the ideas of others without using their actual words, this is known as paraphrasing. When paraphrasing, use the same (Author, Date) format listed above. APA Style does not require you to use page numbers when you paraphrase, but you are encouraged to do so.
  • According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
  • APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Jones, 1998, p. 199).
How the citation will appear on the Works Cited page

Jones, H. (1998). Undergraduate use of APA citation style at three four-year colleges. Journal of Higher Education 25(6), 185-201.