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Citation Helper - MLA, APA, Chicago, & NoodleTools

This guide includes information about citing your sources, including MLA, APA and Chicago / Turabian citation styles.

APA Style - Non-print Sources

Nonprint Source



(p. 214)


Personal communications, such as interviews, are not included in the reference list. They are cited only in the text; for example:

(Prince, L., personal communication, April 25, 2008)

Videotape or DVD

(p. 266)

Collins, M. (Writer/Producer), & Wolfinger, K. (Director). (2002). Bioterror. [Motion picture]. United States: WGBH Boston Video.