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MHS Citation Helper - MLA, APA, Chicago, & NoodleTools

Guide to Understanding Citations

What are citations? A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again. 


  • Citations are how you show your work.
  • In-text citations (or parenthetical citations) appear in the body of your essay. 
  • Footnotes or Endnotes are citations that appear at the bottom of a page or end of the paper, and are linked back to quotations or information using little number symbols. 
  • A complete list of your source citations appears at the end of your essay on a Works Cited page (MLA), References page (APA), or Bibliography (Chicago). 

Remember! Citations are important for THREE key reasons-

  1. They give credit to the creator of the information that you used. 
  2. They allow your audience to evaluate your statements based on evidence. 
  3. They lead you or your audience to a list of related sources.

Citations on the Web often appear in the form of hyperlinks but function in the same way as essay citations in that they give credit, provide evidence, lead the audience to related sources, and include the necessary information for the audience to access the original or quoted source. 

Ex: New York Times article: Everyone is Canceled

Practice Citing Your Sources

Use the links to the various sources below to practice creating citations in NoodleTools (or on your own)!