It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association: The official guide to APA style (7th ed.). (2020). Washington: American Psychological Association.
In this seventh edition, the editors finally conceded to good sense to recommend only one space after punctuation at the end of a sentence, a stance that took academic Twitter by storm. But there are more significant updates to the previous edition (2010) that make scholarly communication clearer and more effective. (from Booklist, February 1, 2020)
This handbook is currently on order. This status will change when it arrives.
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). (2010). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
This book is the foundation for APA Style. If you have a question that isn't answered by this guide, check in the Handbook. Ask for it at the Help Desk - 808 PUB.
This guide from the Northeast Wisconsin Technical College Library is based on the new APA Style and Grammar guidelines. It includes sample citations and basic formatting tips.
In-Text Citations - APA Style
APA Style requires that you list the author, date, and page number when quoting the work of another. You can do this by using a signal phrase to indicate what ideas are yours and what are the ideas of others.
According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).
Jones (1998) found "students often had difficulty using APA style" (p. 199); what implications does this have for teachers?
Some authors have claimed that "students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but few have offered an explanation as to why this is the case.
For quotations of 40 words or more, you should leave out the quotation marks and begin the quotation on a new line that is indented an additional half inch from the left margin. This is called a block quotation.
If you are referring to the ideas of others without using their actual words, this is known as paraphrasing. When paraphrasing, use the same (Author, Date) format listed above. APA Style does not require you to use page numbers when you paraphrase, but you are encouraged to do so.
According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Jones, 1998, p. 199).
How the citation will appear on the Works Cited page
Jones, H. (1998). Undergraduate use of APA citation style at three four-year colleges. Journal of Higher Education 25(6), 185-201.